History of Great Marlow
Around 70 million years ago sharks swam over what is now Marlow, in the lower foothills of the Chilterns. Two million years ago mammoths roamed and prehistoric teeth, tusks and dinosaur bones have all been found in the Chilterns and the Vale of Aylesbury.
Marlow, known in earlier times as Merlave, is mentioned in the Domesday Book. From the Norman era the area was known as Great Marlow and as recently as 150 years ago residents would have said they came from Great Marlow. There was Great Marlow town and Great Marlow railway station linking to the then named Marlow Road station (now Bourne End).
The line to Marlow was originally built by the Great Marlow Railway Company, although from it's inception in 1873 it was run by the Great Western Railway which eventually took over ownership of the branch line in 1896. The line became known affectionately as the “Marlow Donkey”.
In 1896 Great Marlow was split into the urban parish of Marlow and the rural parish of Great Marlow which then included Lane End. Great Marlow still remains the name for the ecclesiastical parish.
The most recent change for the Parish happened In May 2007 when Marlow Bottom separated from Great Marlow to form its own urban parish.